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BIOLOGY 222 TAKE HOME EXAM

URINARY SYSTEM DRAWINGS

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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DRAWINGS
URINARY SYSTEM DRAWINGS
THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM DRAWINGS
MALE REPRODUCTIVE QUESTIONS
THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM DRAWINGS
THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM QUESTIONS
HEREDITY
PREGNANCY AND DEVELOPMENT QUESTIONS


DRAW A FLOW CHART THAT SHOWS THE FLOW OF BLOOD FROM THE RENAL ARTERY THROUGH THE KIDNEYS AND BACK TO THE RENAL VEIN.


 DRAW A FLOW CHART THAT SHOWS THE FLOW OF FILTRATE AND URINE THROUGH THE VARIOUS STRUCTURES OF THE URINARY SYSTEM.

 

Draw an anterior view of the abdominopelvic cavity labeling the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, uriniary bladder, abdominal aorta, renal veins, renal arteries, inferior vena cava, ureters, bladder, and hilus.

Draw a transverse section of the body, at the 2nd lumbar vertebrae.  Label the following structures:  left kidney, renal capusle, renal fascia, adipose capule, pararenal fat, parietal peritoneum, vertebrae, adipose tissues, pancreas, large intestine, and various muscles.

Dreaw a frontal section of the kidney labeling the following structures:  renal sinus, renal pelvis, hilus, ureter, outer layer of renal capsule, inner layer of renal capsule, medulla, cortex, major calyx, minor calyx, renal pyramid, renal lobe, renal columns, and renal papilla.

Draw a frontal section of the kidneys showing the pattern of renal circulation.  Label the following structures:  renal artery, segmental artery, interlobar arteries, interlobular arteries, arcuate arteries, afferent arterioles, glomerulus, efferent arterioles, venules, interlolobular veins, arcuate veins, interlobular veins, and renal vein.

Draw a diagram of a typical nephron.  Label the following structures:  efferent arteriole, afferent arteriole, glomerulus, Glomerular capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, descending loop of Henle, ascedncding loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct, papillary duct, renal papilla, minor calyx, renal cortex, renal medulla, corticomedullary junction,  peritubular capillary, and vas recta.

Draw a diagram of a renal capsule labeling the following structures:  afferent arteriole, juxtaglomerular cells, macula densa, ascending limb of loop of Henle, efferent arteriole, glomerulus, podocytes, parietal layer of glomerular capsule, capsular space, pedicel, and proximal convoluted tubule.

Draw a histological section of a renal capsule labeling the following structures:  afferent arteriole, juxtaglomerular cells, macula densa, ascending limb of loop of Henle, efferent arteriole, glomerulus, podocytes, parietal layer of glomerular capsule, capsular space, pedicel, simple squamous epithelium, and proximal convoluted tubule.

Draw a frontal section of the female ureters, bladder, and urethra.  Label the following structures:  ureters, ureteral openings in bladder, trigone, detrusor muscle, internal urethra orifice, internal urethral sphincter, external urethral sphincter, urethra, and external urethral orifice.

Draw an anterior section of the male ureters, bladder and urethra.  Label the following structures:  ureters, ureteral openings in bladder, trigone, detrusor muscle, internal urethra orifice, internal urethral sphincter, external urethral sphincter, prostate gland, prostatic urethra, membranous urethra, and external urethral orifice

EACH DRAWING MUST BE LABELED WITH ITS FULL TITLE.